Yorkies, known for their small size and lively personality, are a cherished dog breed that can bring joy to your family. Whether you’re thinking about welcoming a Yorkie into your home or already have one, this comprehensive guide will provide you with valuable information about these adorable and affectionate dogs. From their origins and physical characteristics to their health, behavior, and care, this guide has everything you need to know about Yorkie dogs.
Yorkies have a rich history that traces back to Yorkshire, England. Originally bred as rat hunters in mills and mines, they developed into charming and devoted companions. Their ancestry includes breeds like the Paisley Terrier and Waterside Terrier.
Yorkie Scientific Classification
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Mammalia
- Order: Carnivora
- Family: Canidae
- Genus: Canis
- Scientific Name: Canis lupus familiaris
- Common Name: Yorkshire Terrier
- Fun Fact: They are known for their lively and energetic nature
- Diet: Omnivore
- Lifespan: 12-16 years
- Weight: 4-7 lbs
Yorkie Physical Characteristics
Yorkies have a silky, straight, and fine coat that comes in a variety of colors.
Yorkies are known for their relatively longer lifespan, often living up to 12-16 years with proper care.
Yorkies are small-sized dogs, typically weighing between 4-7 lbs. Their height ranges from 7 to 8 inches.
Yorkie as a Pet
Yorkies are generally healthy dogs, but they can be prone to specific health issues such as dental problems, patellar luxation, and tracheal collapse. Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for their well-being.
Despite their small size, Yorkies have a high energy level and are known for their lively and playful demeanor. They enjoy both indoor play and short outdoor walks.
Yorkies have minimal shedding, but regular grooming is necessary to maintain their coat.
Training a Yorkie
Yorkies are intelligent and can be trained with consistency and positive reinforcement. Early socialization and basic obedience training are recommended.
Tendency to Chew
As small breeds, Yorkies may have a tendency to chew, so providing them with appropriate chew toys is essential.
Yorkie and Children
Yorkies are known for their lively and affectionate nature, making them delightful family dogs. They get along well with children, but supervision is recommended due to their small size.
Yorkies may be prone to barking, and proper training is essential to manage their behavior.
Yorkies may develop separation anxiety if left alone for extended periods. They thrive on human companionship.
Yorkies are well-suited to moderate temperatures. Extreme heat or cold may be challenging for them.
Friendly With Other Dogs
Yorkies generally get along well with other dogs, and early socialization is beneficial.
Toys for Yorkies
Selecting the right-sized and safe toys is important for Yorkies. Reputable brands like Kong and ZippyPaws offer suitable options.
How Much Does a Yorkie Cost?
Acquiring a purebred Yorkie from a reputable breeder can cost at least $800 or more.
Yorkie Behavioral Traits
Yorkies are known for their unique behavioral traits:
Lively and Playful
Yorkies are lively and playful and known for their energetic nature.
Despite their small size, Yorkies can be alert and watchful, making them good watchdogs.
Yorkie Maintenance and Grooming
Yorkies have specific grooming needs:
Regular brushing and grooming are necessary to keep their silky coat in good condition.
Due to their small size, Yorkies may be prone to dental issues. Regular tooth brushing is important.
Bathing should be done as needed, typically every 2-3 weeks, using a mild pet-friendly shampoo.
Regular nail trimming is required to prevent overgrowth.
Check their ears regularly for dirt or wax buildup and clean them as necessary.
Yorkie Exercise Requirements
Yorkies have moderate exercise needs. Daily playtime and short walks are sufficient to keep them happy.
Interactive play sessions indoors provide them with mental and physical stimulation.
Short walks of around 15-20 minutes are suitable for their exercise.
Dogs Similar to Yorkies
If you’re interested in Yorkies, you might also like these small dog breeds:
Yorkies have made their mark in pop culture with some famous examples:
- Smoky: The Yorkshire Terrier war hero during World War II.
- Toto: Dorothy’s loyal companion in “The Wizard of Oz.”
Popular Names for Yorkies
If you’re looking for a name for your Yorkie, consider these popular choices:
Yorkie FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Here are answers to some common questions about Yorkies:
How long do Yorkies live? Yorkies have a lifespan of around 12 to 16 years, with proper care.
Are Yorkies good pets? Yorkies make excellent pets for those seeking a small, lively companion with a loving disposition.
What problems do Yorkies have? Common issues include dental problems, patellar luxation, and tracheal collapse.
Are male or female Yorkies better? The choice between a male or female Yorkie depends on personal preference, as both genders can make wonderful pets.
How big do Yorkies get? Yorkies typically weigh between 4-7 pounds and stand around 7 to 8 inches tall.
Types of Yorkies
There are various types of Yorkies, including the standard Yorkie, teacup Yorkie, and other color variations.
Let’s look at the five different Yorkie breeds:
1. Parti Yorkie
These Yorkie puppies are tri-colored, which really makes them stand out. You may even find that people are approaching you to ask what type of dog you have.
2. Teacup Yorkies
A Yorkshire Terrier is already one of the small dog breeds at 5-7 lbs and between 6-9 inches.
Teacup Yorkies are so small you can put them in one of your pockets. Although their lifespan can be up to 15 years, their incredibly small size makes them prone to various medical conditions. Some of these include dental problems, liver shunts, patellar luxation, and collapsing tracheas. You want to be sure you can cover the medical costs that will almost certainly accompany this tiny-sized dog.
3. Black Yorkies
An all-black Yorkie is a rare dog, but you can find them if you use a reputable breeder with the AKC. Although their coat differs, these all-black Yorkie puppies have the same larger-than-life personalities as their standard-coated relatives.
4. Mismarked Yorkies
If a Yorkie pup has a color combination other than black & gold, blue & tan, black & tan or black & gold, it is considered mismarked.
This would prevent your pup from being a show dog. The upside is most breeders will offer them at a lower price because of their coat color.
So, if your goal is to have a feisty family pet, a white spot on your pup’s chest won’t matter one bit.
5. Biewer Terriers
In 2014, this breed of Yorkshire Terrier was added to the Foundation Stock Service of the AKC. DNA markers indicating the pup’s parents and heritage are used to recognize this purebred dog.
No matter which size or color you decide upon, you can use a reputable breeder to find the most loyal and lively member of your family.
Yorkies: Small Wonders with Big Hearts
I hope this guide has given you valuable insights into the world of Yorkies! Whether you’re thinking about adding one of these small wonders to your life or you’re already fortunate enough to have one, remember that each Yorkie is a unique individual with its own quirks and personality. Cherish the bond, provide proper care, and enjoy the companionship of your Yorkie for many happy years to come.