Your Guide to Owning a Dachshund Dog

Dachshund laying on side looking at camera, feature photo
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Dachshunds, known for their distinctive elongated bodies and spirited personalities, are a delightful dog breed that can bring immense joy to your household.

Whether you’re considering welcoming a Dachshund into your home or already have one, this comprehensive guide will offer you valuable information about these charming and devoted dogs.

From their origins and physical characteristics to their health, behavior, and care, this guide has everything you need to know about Dachshund dogs.

Dachshund Dog Overview

standard Dachshund, black and tan Dachshund
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Dachshund Origins Dachshunds have a unique history that dates back to Germany. Initially bred for hunting, especially for pursuing burrow-dwelling animals, their distinctive long bodies and short legs allowed them to navigate underground tunnels effectively. Their ancestry includes breeds like the Dachsbracke and various Terriers.

Dachshund Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Canidae
  • Genus: Canis
  • Scientific Name: Canis lupus familiaris

Dachshund Facts

Common Name: Dachshund

Fun Fact: They were originally bred for hunting and have a distinctive elongated body.

Diet: Omnivore

Lifespan: 12-16 years

Weight: 16-32 lbs (standard), 11 lbs and under (miniature)

Dachshund Physical Characteristics

Dachshund looking straight into camera
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Coat Type

Dachshunds have a short or long, dense coat that comes in various colors and patterns.


Dachshunds are known for their relatively longer lifespan, often living up to 12-16 years with proper care.


Dachshunds are a small to medium-sized breed, with standard Dachshunds weighing between 16-32 lbs and miniature Dachshunds weighing 11 lbs and under. Their height typically ranges from 8 to 9 inches (standard) and 5 to 6 inches (miniature).

Dachshund as a Pet

Dachshund being held by Vet
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General Health

Dachshunds are generally healthy dogs, but they can be prone to specific health issues such as intervertebral disc disease (IVDD), obesity, and dental problems. Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for their well-being.

Energy Level

Despite their small size, Dachshunds have a moderate to high energy level and are known for their playful and lively demeanor. They enjoy both indoor play and short outdoor walks.


Dachshunds have moderate shedding, and regular grooming is necessary to maintain their coat.

Training a Dachshund

Dachshund looking cute with big eyes, long hair Dachshund, Doxen, Weiner Dog
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Dachshunds are intelligent but can be a bit stubborn. Consistent training with positive reinforcement is recommended. Early socialization is crucial. Also, they are relatively friendly with other dogs, but they are better with humans that they know than they are with other dogs. That doesn’t mean they’re bad with other dogs; it just means that it might take some socializing for them to be as well-behaved as they can be with other dogs. 

Tendency to Chew

Dachshunds may have a tendency to chew or gnaw at their feet and toys. I don’t recommend rope toys for these dogs but rather soft plush toys of appropriate size should be a good fit. 

Dachshund and Children

Dachshunds are known for their spirited and affectionate nature, making them excellent companions for families. They get along well with children but should be supervised with very young kids due to their small size. If you’re someone with kids, Dachshunds are usually really great with young children, so it might be a good idea to get a Dachshund if you’re someone with small children. Also, Dachshunds are great with their adult dachshund owners, so if you’re looking for a loveable family dog, then getting a Dachshund is a great option. 


Dachshunds can be vocal and may bark to alert their owners. When it comes to barking, with proper training you can teach them so they don’t bark as much. It is important to remember that dogs might bark if you leave, or they might get territorial of their owner, so it is vital that you work with a trainer to ease any separation anxiety that your Dachshund might have. This will make it so that your Dachshund will be less prone to barking incessantly. 

Separation Anxiety

Dachshunds may develop separation anxiety if left alone for long periods. They thrive on human companionship. I, for one, have never seen a Dachshund not have some degree of separation anxiety. Even after short periods of getting to know us through dog-sitting gigs, these puppies latch on to their caretakers and don’t really want you to leave.

Preferred Temperature

Dachshunds are sensitive to extreme temperatures due to their short coat. They may need extra protection in cold weather and should avoid excessive heat. During the winter months be ready for a consistent desire to curl up on your lap or join you under the covers.

Exercise Needs

Dachshunds have moderate exercise needs. Daily short walks and indoor playtime are sufficient to keep them healthy and happy.

Daily Walks:

Daily walks of around 20-30 minutes provide them with the physical activity they require.

Known for having a lot of energy, Dachshunds are going to need adequate exercise to keep them stimulated. Luckily, due to their short legs, they are easy to control on a dog leash, and they don’t walk too fast.


Interactive play sessions with toys and games indoors or in a secure yard are essential for their mental and physical stimulation.

Friendly With Other Dogs

Dachshunds generally get along well with other dogs, but early socialization is crucial.

Toys For Dachshunds

Selecting the right-sized and durable toys is important for Dachshunds, considering their size and energy level. Reputable brands like KONG and ZippyPaws offer suitable options.

How Much Does A Dachshund Cost?

Dachshund puppies being held by owner, Doxen, Weiner Dog
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Acquiring a purebred Dachshund from a reputable breeder can cost at least $800 or more.

Dachshund Behavioral Traits

Dachshunds are known for their unique behavioral traits. One thing to think about is that oftentimes, behavioral issues in Dachshunds are less severe when you have more than one Dachshund. So, if you want to ensure your dogs are well-behaved, try getting more than one Dachshund when you adopt your dog! 

Spirited and Affectionate:

Dachshunds are spirited dogs known for their affectionate nature.


Dachshunds can be alert and make good watchdogs, often barking to alert their owners.

Dachshund Maintenance and Grooming

Dachshunds have specific grooming needs:

Coat Type:

Regular brushing is necessary to keep their short or long coat in good condition.

Dental Care:

Due to their predisposition to dental issues, regular tooth brushing is important.


Bathing should be done as needed, typically every 4-6 weeks, using a mild dog shampoo is recommended.

Nail Trimming:

Regular nail trimming is required to prevent overgrowth and discomfort.

Ear Cleaning:

Check their ears regularly for dirt or wax buildup and clean them as necessary.

Dogs Similar to Dachshunds

If you’re interested in Dachshunds, you might also like these small to medium-sized dog breeds:

Famous Dachshunds

Dachshunds have made their mark in pop culture with some famous examples:

  • Slinky: The Dachshund toy in Disney Pixar’s Toy Story.
  • Barney: The Dachshund from the television show “Barney & Friends.”

Popular Names for Dachshunds

If you’re looking for a name for your Dachshund, consider these popular choices:

  • Charlie
  • Lucy
  • Baxter
  • Daisy
  • Oliver
  • Zoe
  • Max
  • Lily
  • Rocky
  • Mia

Dachshund FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Two cute Dachshund puppies posing for picture
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Here are answers to some common questions about Dachshunds:

How long do Dachshunds live?

Dachshunds have a lifespan of around 12 to 16 years with proper care.

This is not something that any dog owner wants to think about, but each breed of dog has a slightly different lifespan. For Dachshunds, they usually live around twelve to sixteen years. 

Oftentimes, smaller dogs have a longer lifespan than larger dogs, and Dachshunds are incredibly small dogs—that means they’ll often live a long time.

Are Dachshunds good pets?

Dachshunds make excellent pets for those seeking a spirited and affectionate companion with a playful disposition.

What problems do Dachshunds have?

Common issues include intervertebral disc disease (IVDD), obesity, and dental problems.

Are male or female Dachshunds better?

The choice between a male or female Dachshund depends on personal preference, as both genders can make wonderful pets.

What is the Difference Between a Dachshund and a Doxen? 

When it comes down to it, there is no difference between a Dachshund and a Doxen. They’re the same breed—there are just two different ways of referring to it. The breed’s formal name, Dachshund, comes from German origins. It means Badger Dog in German. This is because over three hundred years ago, when the breed was developed, the dogs were used to hunt badgers. 

How big do Dachshunds get?

Dachshunds typically weigh between 16-32 pounds and stand around 8 to 9 inches tall for standard, and 11 pounds and under with a height of 5 to 6 inches for miniature.

When you’re thinking about adopting a dog, one of the most important things to consider is how big the dog is going to be when it is fully grown. As most people know, Dachshunds are notoriously small. 

There are many types of Dachshund, which means that there is a third kind, that is called the Tweenie Doxie. Although this dog is still considered a regular Dachshund by the American Kennel Club, it is nicknamed the Tweenie Doxie because it usually weighs around 12-15 pounds, which is right between the size of a miniature Dachshund and a regular Dachshund. 

Don’t let their size fool you, no matter what kind of Dachshund you get, you’re going to be adopting a dog that is full of personality.

What Do Dachshunds Look Like?

Example of long hair Dachshund next to short hair
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Dachshunds have either long hair, smooth hair, or wire hair. The texture of their coat depends on the dog. Also, their coat color depends on the dog. There are some Dachshunds that have red hair. There are some Dachshunds that have black and tan hair. And there are some Dachshunds that have cream hair.

If you adopt a smooth-haired Dachshund, then this means that the hair of your smooth Dachshund is going to be very short and thick. It will be smooth when you touch it, and you won’t have a dog that sheds thick clumps of hair. That’s a perk for those who are allergic to dogs. 

Moreover, if you have long-haired Dachshunds, you will have a dog with incredibly thick and silky hair. The hair of your dog will likely hang down to their ankles, and the undercoat of your dog is going to shed. This is something to avoid if you’re allergic to dogs. 

Finally, if you have wire-haired Dachshunds, then you’re going to have a dog that has a thick and wiry coat, which will have a lot of texture. This kind of coat on a Dachshund is the rarest type of coat available and gives them a really unique look. 

What is the Personality of Dachshunds Like? 

While not every dog of the same breed has the same personality, most Dachshunds have a lot of energy and are always willing to play. You can usually count on the fact that a Dachshund will be affectionate, wanting to be held as much as possible. They are indeed considered a “lap dog” and very happy to spend time with you.

What is the Difference between a Dachshund and a Mini Dachshund? 

We’ve established the fact that there is no difference between a Doxen and a Dachshund, but there is a slight difference between a miniature Dachshund and a Dachshund. Originally, miniature Dachshunds were simply runts of the Dachshund litter, but then, they were made intentionally by breeding Toy Terriers and Pinschers. However, these dogs were lacking in the hunting instinct that many Dachshunds have. 

Mini Dachshunds are still Dachshunds. They are not considered a different breed. They are simply smaller versions of standard-sized Dachshunds. Nor would they be considered ‘teacup’ versions of the Dachshund breed, either. 

What are the Characteristics of Dachshunds that I Should Know About?

When considering adopting a Dachshund, it’s crucial to understand their unique qualities. Dachshunds are known for their tendency to bark and possess high energy levels, requiring adequate exercise. Their intelligence makes them easily trainable, particularly through obedience training. While they are generally friendly, Dachshunds may require socialization with other dogs.

They excel as family pets, showing great compatibility with children. However, potential aggression can arise if they feel threatened or are improperly socialized. Proper training can mitigate such tendencies. Addressing barking issues and separation anxiety through training is also essential. Consider adopting more than one Dachshund, as it often helps mitigate behavioral issues.

How Low Maintenance Are Dachshunds? 

We’ve mentioned this before, but just because a breed is known for being low or high-maintenance doesn’t mean that all dogs in the breed will fit that profile. However, for the most part, Dachshunds are known for being really low-maintenance dogs. This is in part because they are incredibly small animals, so it is easy to care for them because they are such little dogs. You’ve got to remember that with their small size comes health risks, though. 

For example, Dachshunds get cold easily, so you must ensure they’re safe during the winter. Also, Dachshunds can get severe back problems when they freely jump on the couch or other furniture. So, don’t let your Dachshunds jump on anything too high for their safety. This will help avoid health issues. 

Dachshund, Doxen or Wiener Dog

Call it what you will; they are called ‘the wiener dog,’ but they’re all lovable and cute. Wiener dogs or sausage dogs (as they’re also called) will become your best friend. They might bark when they’re excited, but they will always be up for snuggles on the lap and fetch in the backyard.

Dachshunds are family-friendly and lovable dogs. So, if you’re in the market for a new puppy, you might want to check out adopting a Dachshund—or two! 

We hope that this has been informative and encouraging because there’s nothing better than adding a new puppy to your family. 

Corey Turner
Corey Turner, owner of, draws on a lifelong love for dogs and extensive pet ownership to offer a unique perspective in the pet industry. With a successful background in project management, he excels in critical analysis, precise attention to detail, and quality assurance. This expertise allows him to effectively differentiate true value from marketing hype in the pet sector. Corey’s contributions have been featured in various publications including Rockery Press Guide Books and During his free time, he enjoys disc golfing, rock climbing, and bonding with his cherished FurBall friend, Harvey.